For over 50 years, the sugar industry has funded research that minimizes its negative impact on health. The University of San Francisco found evidence that in 1965, Harvard scientists were paid to blame cardiovascular disease entirely on saturated fat and not sugar. According to USF researchers, studies were reviewed before being published, “the investigators knew what the funder expected, and produced it… and the practice continues.” 

(Source, Source 2, Source 3)

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View on rocky coast, 1845, Ivan Aivazovski

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Transept of Ewenny Priory, Glamorganshire, William Turner

Medium: watercolor,paper
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Genda, William Turner

Medium: pencil,watercolor
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The Bay of Naples, 1845, Ivan Aivazovski

Medium: oil,canvas
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Do you have recommendations for places to buy hanfu— either irl or online?



Hi, thanks for the question!

Yes, I have recommendations for places to buy hanfu, both online and offline. Please check out my “Where to Buy Hanfu” page, as well as my Q&A Masterpost which has a section on buying hanfu. I also have a “Hanfu Recommendations” tag for my previous recommendations on where to buy hanfu. With that said, here are several additional recommendations for online hanfu shops on Taobao, with lists of the types of items they offer (Women’s hanfu, Men’s hanfu, Children’s hanfu, Wedding hanfu, Modified hanfu, Hanfu accessories). Some of these brands also have offline stores (click name for link to Taobao page):

1. 汉尚华莲/Han Shang Hua Lian - The #1 hanfu brand on Taobao in 2018 by sales value (source). Offers a wide variety of colorful designs. Women’s, Men’s, Accessories:


2. 重回汉唐/Chong Hui Han Tang - The #2 hanfu brand on Taobao in 2018 by sales value. Bold colors and clean, chic designs. Women’s, Men’s, Children’s, Wedding, Modified, Accessories:


3. 十三余/Shi San Yu - The #3 hanfu brand on Taobao in 2018 by sales value. Cute, casual, fun designs. Women’s, Modified, Accessories:


4. 流烟昔泠/Liu Yan Xi Ling - The #9 hanfu brand on Taobao in 2018 by sales value. Known for its matching/couples’ designs, and has a wider variety of options for men. Women’s, Men’s, Children’s, Modified, Accessories:


5. 衔泥小筑/Xian Ni Xiao Zhu - Elegant designs with intricate embroidery. Women’s, Men’s, Children’s, Wedding, Modified, Accessories


6. 司南阁/Si Nan Ge - Has an aesthetic that can be best described as “ethereal”. Sheer fabrics, billowing sleeves, and lots of layers. Women’s, Men’s:


7. 宴山亭/Yan Shan Ting - Very similar to Si Nan Ge, sharing the same ethereal aesthetic (and even using the same models). Women’s, Men’s:


8. 菩提雪/Pu Ti Xue - Feminine designs with exquisite details. Women’s, Accessories:


9. 锦瑟衣庄/De Ti Yi Zhuang - Classic designs in bright, contrasting colors. Women’s, Men’s, Accessories:


10. 春拾记/Chun Shi Ji - Simple designs paired with elegant traditional Suzhou-style embroidery. Women’s, Accessories:


11. 踏云馆/Ta Yun Guan - Refined designs with minimal embellishments that focus on the beauty of color and fabric. Women’s, Accessories


Of course there are a lot more great hanfu shops out there, but hopefully this gives you a place to start. Hope this helps, and have fun! ^^

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masterpost of all my playlists so far (favourites are bolded) 

if you enjoyed any of these please consider leaving me a tip on my ko-fi to help me pay for my textbooks. thank you so much, i hope you like them! 💕

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美人画 (4/?)

Paintings of beauties in traditional Chinese hanfu, Part 4 (Part 1/2/3) by Chinese artist 伊吹鸡腿子. The last two are depictions of the Jade Rabbit from Chinese mythology for this year’s Mid-Autumn Festival. Artist’s Weibo: X. See more of her work here.

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THROUGH A RAPIST’S EYES” (PLS TAKE TIME TO READ THIS. It may save a life, It may save your life.)








An Article from Neena Susan Thomas

“Through a rapist’s eyes. A group of rapists and date rapists in prison were interview…ed on what they look for in a potential victim and here are some interesting facts:

1] The first thing men look for in a potential victim is hairstyle. They are most likely to go after a woman with a ponytail, bun! , braid, or other hairstyle that can easily be grabbed. They are also likely to go after a woman with long hair. Women with short hair are not common targets.

2] The second thing men look for is clothing. They will look for women who’s clothing is easy to remove quickly. Many of them carry scissors around to cut clothing.

3] They also look for women using their cell phone, searching through their purse or doing other activities while walking because they are off guard and can be easily overpowered.

4] The number one place women are abducted from / attacked at is grocery store parking lots.

5] Number two is office parking lots/garages.

6] Number three is public restrooms.

7] The thing about these men is that they are looking to grab a woman and quickly move her to a second location where they don’t have to worry about getting caught.

8] If you put up any kind of a fight at all, they get discouraged because it only takes a minute or two for them to realize that going after you isn’t worth it because it will be time-consuming.

9] These men said they would not pick on women who have umbrellas,or other similar objects that can be used from a distance, in their hands.

10] Keys are not a deterrent because you have to get really close to the attacker to use them as a weapon. So, the idea is to convince these guys you’re not worth it.


1] If someone is following behind you on a street or in a garage or with you in an elevator or stairwell, look them in the face and ask them a question, like what time is it, or make general small talk: can’t believe it is so cold out here, we’re in for a bad winter. Now that you’ve seen their faces and could identify them in a line- up, you lose appeal as a target.

2] If someone is coming toward you, hold out your hands in front of you and yell Stop or Stay back! Most of the rapists this man talked to said they’d leave a woman alone if she yelled or showed that she would not be afraid to fight back. Again, they are looking for an EASY target.

3] If you carry pepper spray (this instructor was a huge advocate of it and carries it with him wherever he goes,) yelling I HAVE PEPPER SPRAY and holding it out will be a deterrent.

4] If someone grabs you, you can’t beat them with strength but you can do it by outsmarting them. If you are grabbed around the waist from behind, pinch the attacker either under the arm between the elbow and armpit or in the upper inner thigh – HARD. One woman in a class this guy taught told him she used the underarm pinch on a guy who was trying to date rape her and was so upset she broke through the skin and tore out muscle strands the guy needed stitches. Try pinching yourself in those places as hard as you can stand it; it really hurts.

5] After the initial hit, always go for the groin. I know from a particularly unfortunate experience that if you slap a guy’s parts it is extremely painful. You might think that you’ll anger the guy and make him want to hurt you more, but the thing these rapists told our instructor is that they want a woman who will not cause him a lot of trouble. Start causing trouble, and he’s out of there.

6] When the guy puts his hands up to you, grab his first two fingers and bend them back as far as possible with as much pressure pushing down on them as possible. The instructor did it to me without using much pressure, and I ended up on my knees and both knuckles cracked audibly.

7] Of course the things we always hear still apply. Always be aware of your surroundings, take someone with you if you can and if you see any odd behavior, don’t dismiss it, go with your instincts. You may feel little silly at the time, but you’d feel much worse if the guy really was trouble.


1. Tip from Tae Kwon Do: The elbow is the strongest point on your body. If you are close enough to use it, do it.

2. Learned this from a tourist guide to New Orleans : if a robber asks for your wallet and/or purse, DO NOT HAND IT TO HIM. Toss it away from you…. chances are that he is more interested in your wallet and/or purse than you and he will go for the wallet/purse. RUN LIKE MAD IN THE OTHER DIRECTION!

3. If you are ever thrown into the trunk of a car: Kick out the back tail lights and stick your arm out the hole and start waving like crazy. The driver won’t see you but everybody else will. This has saved lives.

4. Women have a tendency to get into their cars after shopping,eating, working, etc., and just sit (doing their checkbook, or making a list, etc. DON’T DO THIS! The predator will be watching you, and this is the perfect opportunity for him to get in on the passenger side,put a gun to your head, and tell you where to go. AS SOON AS YOU CLOSE the DOORS , LEAVE.

5. A few notes about getting into your car in a parking lot, or parking garage:

a. Be aware: look around your car as someone may be hiding at the passenger side , peek into your car, inside the passenger side floor, and in the back seat. ( DO THIS TOO BEFORE RIDING A TAXI CAB) .

b. If you are parked next to a big van, enter your car from the passenger door. Most serial killers attack their victims by pulling them into their vans while the women are attempting to get into their cars.

c. Look at the car parked on the driver’s side of your vehicle, and the passenger side. If a male is sitting alone in the seat nearest your car, you may want to walk back into the mall, or work, and get a guard/policeman to walk you back out. IT IS ALWAYS BETTER TO BE SAFE THAN SORRY. (And better paranoid than dead.)

6. ALWAYS take the elevator instead of the stairs. (Stairwells are horrible places to be alone and the perfect crime spot).

7. If the predator has a gun and you are not under his control, ALWAYS RUN! The predator will only hit you (a running target) 4 in 100 times; And even then, it most likely WILL NOT be a vital organ. RUN!

8. As women, we are always trying to be sympathetic: STOP IT! It may get you raped, or killed. Ted Bundy, the serial killer, was a good-looking, well educated man, who ALWAYS played on the sympathies of unsuspecting women. He walked with a cane, or a limp, and often asked “for help” into his vehicle or with his vehicle, which is when he abducted his next victim.

Send this to any woman you know that may need to be reminded that the world we live in has a lot of crazies in it and it’s better safe than sorry.

If u have compassion reblog this post.
‘Helping hands are better than Praying Lips’ – give us your helping hand.

So please reblog this….Your one reblog can Help to spread this information.



This is so fucking unfortunate that we need this

it just makes me angry that women need this.. but we do and if you see this, PLEASE REBLOG. it doesn’t matter if you are a male or a female. by reblogging this, you might save someone’s life.

Don’t scroll past this, it’s so important

nothing to do with what my posts are normally about but this is SO damn important!! don’t scroll past without reading and / or reblogging!

this is fucking important. Idc if your blog is perfect, fucking reblog this. It may save someone.

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Alnwick Castle, Joseph Mallord William Turner, 1829

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نموت كي يحيا الوطن

يحيا لمن ؟

لابن زنى

يهتكه .. ثم يقاضيه الثمن ؟!


لإثنين وعشرين وباء مزمناً


لإثنين وعشرين لقيطاً

يتهمون الله بالكفر وإشعال الفتن

ويختمون بيته بالشمع

حتى يرعوي عن غيه

ويطلب الغفران من عند الوثن؟!

تف على هذا الوطن!

وألف تف مرة أخرى!

على هذا الوطن

من بعدنا يبقى التراب والعفن

نحن الوطن !

من بعدنا تبقى الدواب والدمن

نحن الوطن !

إن لم يكن بنا كريماً آمناً

ولم يكن محترماً

ولم يكن حُراً

فلا عشنا.. ولا عاش الوطن!

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Do you have any tips/information about Arabic calligraphy? Thanks! :)



Hi anon! I’m sorry for the delay in response. I hope this will be helpful.

I’m going to give you a quick introduction about the Arabic Calligraphy in general, then I will also talk briefly about the difference between the 6 styles and show you some examples of each one of them.

I will also provide some references to study them and some tips on how to pick the correct book to study more if you’re interested to learn more about them.

General note about Arabic Calligraphy الخط العربي [audio]

The word خط  has so many meanings, which is why I was having some difficulties translating it.

I used several words to refer to it; it can mean handwriting, calligraphy in general or it can be used to refer to a certain type of Arabic calligraphic cursive style, but all these words are translated to the wordخط in Arabic.

But here, I won’t be talking about hand writings for individuals, I will talk about the Arabic Calligraphy and its various cursive styles, which is an art and it follows strict and specific rules. The person who masters the different Arabic Calligraphic Cursive styles is called a calligrapher خَطّاط.

There are 6 main calligraphy cursive styles from which other cursive styles were derived. Some of these Arabic Calligraphy Cursive styles have variations too, and some of the new Calligraphy Cursive Styles are a mix of two styles or more. These styles are used as a type of art even nowadays, and we can see them present in Islamic Architecture.

These styles need a specific type of pencil and ink to write them, but some people use specific markers as well, although the traditional pencils and ink are preferable.


The six main Calligraphic Cursive styles (الخطوط العربية) are: Kufi, Naskh, Diwani, Farisi, Thuluth and Ruqa’aa.

  • [audio]الخط الكوفي Kūfi Calligraphic cursive style

It’s the oldest Arabic calligraphic cursive styles. Its name is derived from the city of “Kūfa” in Iraq, which is the region in which it originated. It dates back to the 2nd Century of the Hijri calendar (corresponds to the 12th century AD in the Gregorian calendar).

It’s one of the most beautiful styles; however it needs a lot of writing space, and it has so many angles and straight lines which means that the artist would need to rely on a ruler and certain measurements.

It was widely used in Egypt, in the era of Fatimid Caliphate.



Some variations of this font:

  • Naskh Calligraphic cursive style خط النسخ [audio]

The word Naskh means “to copy”, and as the name suggests, it was used widely in copying books and manuscripts because it was simple to write and it was easy to read. It appeared during the Abbasid Caliphate Dynasty.

This script can also be found on the internet, in newspapers, and in books.

Even nowadays, it is still the most widely used font, and it’s what I suggest that beginners in calligraphy start with.



Ruqa’aa Calligraphic cursive style خط الرقعة [audio]

One of the easiest styles to write, and it doesn’t have too many rules which is why it is widely used as the style for handwriting by students in schools for examples and in and handwritten correspondence in many Arabic Speaking countries (especially in the Levaint and Egypt). It is used sometimes in printed documents.

As mentioned before, Ruqa’a style is considerably easy and fast to write, and most of it is written on the line. It doesn’t need a lot of writing space. The reason why it is called “Ruqa’a”is because it was written in small  (رقاع ), which means rags and small pieces of paper, and the name Ruqa’a is derived from the word رُقاع.  

It is the only cursive style that has remained the same and wasn’t used by the calligraphers to derive new writing style from it.



Notice how the words are flowing, the letters are written in a way to make the writing very quick and easy, compare the letter س  in Ruqa’aa calligraphy cursive style and the Naskh for example. Try to take a look at the letter ث  too, and the dots in general.

  • Thuluth Calligraphic cursive style خط الثلث [audio]

Thuluth is one of the most difficult calligraphic cursive styles to master, and it takes a lot of time to write, and the calligrapher needs to be extremely accurate to make sure they don’t make any mistakes because it follows a lot of strict rules.  Because of its difficulty, a calligrapher does not quality as one unless he has mastered it, and it needs years and years of studying and practice to be able to master it.

Thuluth has some variations, and it is used in Islamic Architecture, like in mosques for example and in the beginnings of Mus-hafs (a copy of the Quraan). It is also used as newspaper headers and in some books or in praying rooms.

The meaning of the word Thuluth is “a third” and it was named like that because the edge of the pencil that is used for Thuluth is cut into one third (1/3) of the radius of the pencil.


  • Diwani Calligraphic cursive style الخط الديواني [audio]

The word Diwan means council, and this cursive style was named that way because it was vastly used by the writers of Offiicial Government Diwans in the Ottoman Empire.

It’s a very beautiful cursive style, and it’s pretty flexible. The words are written on the same line.The sentences written in Diwani style were very jammed and have little space between them, this complication was intended because it does not allow anyone to alter the official documents by adding a single letter. Credit goes to the calligrapher Mustafa Ghazlan for making this cursive style easier to read and leaving more space between the words and sentences.


  • Farisi Calligraphic cursive style الخط الفارسي [audio]

The word Farisi means Persian, which is the region in which this cursive style has originated in the 7thHirji Century (13th A.D.). This is the normal writing style in Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan.It’s one of the most beautiful cursive styles and it’s very simple and easy to read. The rules of writings it is very flexible which allows the calligraphers to be creative when they write in it. It was many variations to it as well.

Example :

  • How to choose a good book to help you learn Arabic Calligraphy?

In my opinion, the best calligraphy books are the ones that have explanation to each individual letter to show you how each one is written in that specific cursive style, and that has space for you to practice writing it.

Take this page as an example:


I was able to get you some references to learn :

General references : [book 1], [book 2]

Naskh (excellent book) : [book]

For more practicing material, please check the book سلسلة العلا لتحسين الخط العربي by the calligraphy artist Dr. Ramadan Abdul Hadi [images of the book], it has books about Naskh and Ruqa’a.

Ruqa’a (excellent books) : [book], [book 2]

Kufi : [book]

Diwani : [book]

Farisi : [book]


I’m sorry this turned out to be long, but Arabic Calligraphy is an Art and a very wide topic and I thought that it won’t be fair to speak briefly about it. I hope this was helpful, and if you have any questions let me know.

Sources :








For more e-books:



1-      A lot of the examples of the Calligraphy writings styles in the Arabic Calligraphy books used here are taken from the Holly Quran, so I ask you to please be respectful to these verses and not throw them away or do anything disrespectful. There are specific ways to dispose of these types of documents in a respectful way and I will be happy to elaborate and share this information with anyone who needs it.

2-      I will update with more books to learn Calligraphy as soon as I find them.

3-      I paraphrased, translated and edited the information and didn’t copy-paste anything I have also added some information I know previously. Please credit me if you want to share this.

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Salisbury Cathedral From the Meadows, 1831, John Constable

Medium: oil,canvas
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Orthographic depth

Languages have different levels of othographic depth, that means that a language’s orthography can vary in a spectrum of a very irregular and complex orthography (deep orthography) to a completely regular and simple one (shallow orthography). 

English, French, Danish, Swedish, Arabic, Urdu, Tibetan, Burmese, Thai, Khmer, Lao, Chinese, and Japanese have orthographies that are highly irregular, complex and where sounds cannot be predicted from the spelling. These writing systems are more difficuld and slow to be learned by children, who may take years. In the medium of the scale there’s Spanish, Portuguese, German, Polish, Greek, Russian, Persian, Hindi, Korean, where there are some irregularities  but overall the correspondence of one sound to one phoneme is not that bad. At the positive end of the scale there’s Italian, Serbo-Croat, Romanian, Finnish, Basque, Turkish, Indonesian, Quechua, Ayamara, Guarani, Mayan languages, and most African languages (because there were no history of spelling, so a new one of scratch was made as very regular), they all have very simple and regular spelling systems, with usually a one-to-one correspondence between sounds and letters. These are very easily learned by children. 

Orthographic depth has several implications for the study of psycholinguistics and the study of language processing and also acquisition of reading and writing by children. 

Note: remember that there’s no objective numbering on the three categories I made, there are more than just these three categories, because it works like a spectrum. Three categories were used just as a means for simplification. 

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  • bookboon // for accounting, business, economics & finance, engineering, IT & programming, languages, marketing & law, natural sciences, statistics & mathematics (+ career & study advice, strategy & management)
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  • open textbook library // for accounting and finance, business, management & marketing, computer science & information systems, economics, general education, humanities & language, law, mathematics & statistics, natural & physical sciences, social sciences
  • textbook revolution // for biology, business & management, chemistry, computer science & technology, earth sciences, economics, engineering, environment, ESL, health sciences & medical, mathematics, physics, society and social sciences, sociology, world history

+ bonus

**If you know other helpful sites, please send me a message so I can add it to the list!

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i feel like we don’t talk about things like this enough

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hello im using my art blog again

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